Africa’s richest man, billionaire Alhaji Aliko Dangote, paid a courtesy call, last week, on President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf at her Foreign Ministry Office, where he briefed her on the progress of his investment in Liberia.
According to an Executive Mansion release, the two discussed ongoing arrangements for a cement plant which the billionaire’s company, Dangote Cement Liberia Ltd., intends to commence building in Liberia shortly, as well as plans for a coal-based power plant that would greatly reduce the cost of, and access to, electricity in the country.
Concerning the cement processing plant, Mr. Dangote informed the President that seven acres of land have been identified at the Freeport of Monrovia for its construction and a jetty. After a three-year delay, it was time to move ahead with the project, he said. He assured the President that the limestone needed for the cement – which Liberia does not produce – would be brought in, and crushed and ground for the manufacture of cement locally.
As for electricity, Dangote said that his proposed coal-burning power plant would produce some 20 megawatts of power, but his operations would require only 1.2 megawatts. The excess could be sold to the government at no more than12 cents per kilowatt hour. “Tell us what you need, and we will produce it,” he said of the power-generation capacity of the plant, which he said could be operational in 15 months. Approximately 30 acres of land are needed for such a facility, which includes huge boilers and cooling plants, along with access to a source of sweet water – where the water table is high.
Dangote pointed out that throughout Africa, the major issue is power. “No power, no growth,” he declared. Any economy will climb to double digits, once there is power at the right price, he said. With affordable power people will produce products locally, will gravitate to the private sector, leading to the creation of a middle class. He recommended coal-based power plants, noting that there is plenty of coal in South Africa, Mozambique and Guinea, and that with today’s technology, emissions of coal dust is at zero level.
Responding, President Sirleaf agreed that it was time to go forward and fast-track the cement project, assuring Mr. Dangote that the land would be turned over by February 16.
Concerning electricity, she spoke of the 54 cents Liberians pay per kilowatt hour, and said that three heavy fuel oil (HFO) power plants will soon come on stream. She pointed out that hydro represents the best form of power generation for Liberia, because of the abundance of rainfall and the many rivers, although other sources would be needed in the dry season. This, she said, could be addressed through an upstream dam producing some 1,000 megawatts of power. To determine exactly how much power the country would need, she said, the experts would need to study ongoing systems as well as those coming on stream. She invited Dangote to send his engineers to study the feasibility of building the coal-based power plant.